disorders are a set of conditions that are characterized by irregular eating
habits and / or anxiety related to the weight or shape of the body.
disorders may include inappropriate or excessive food intake that may
ultimately harm the well-being of the individual. The most common forms of
eating disorders include anorexia nervosa, nervous nervousness and eating
disorder. The affluence applies to both women and men.
disorders can develop at any stage of life, but they usually appear in
adolescence or in adolescence. Appropriate therapy, classified as a medical
disease, can be very effective for many specific types of eating disorders.
Although these conditions are curable, symptoms and consequences can be harmful and lethal if not resolved. Eating disorders often co-exist with other conditions such as anxiety disorders, substance abuse or depression.
Types of eating disorders
most common types of eating disorders are as follows:
nervosa, male or female – suffering from anorexia nervosa usually has an
obsessive fear of weight gain, refusal to maintain a healthy body weight and
unrealistic perception of the body image. Many people suffering from anorexia
nervosa will dramatically reduce the amount of food consumed and perceive
themselves as overweight, even if they are clearly underweight. Eating
disorders, such as anorexia, can have harmful health effects, such as brain
damage, multi-organ failure, bone loss, heart problems and infertility. The
risk of death is highest in people with this disease.
Nervosa – This eating disorder is characterized by repeated binge eating
followed by behaviors that compensate for overeating, such as forced vomiting,
excessive exercise or extreme use of laxatives or diuretics. Men and women who
suffer from bulimia may be afraid of weight gain and feel very unhappy with
their size and body shape. The cycle of overeating and cleansing is usually
done in secret, creating a sense of shame, guilt and lack of control. Bulimia
can have an unwanted effect, such as gastrointestinal problems, severe
dehydration and heart problems due to electrolyte imbalance.
– people who suffer from binge eating often lose control of their food.
However, unlike bulimia, there are no compensatory behaviors such as purging,
fasting or excessive exercise after episodes of binge eating. For this reason,
many people with BED may be obese and have an increased risk of developing
other diseases such as cardiovascular disease. Men and women who are struggling
with this disorder may also feel intense feelings of guilt, suffering and
embarrassment related to their binge eating, which may affect the further
development of eating disorders.
Causes of eating disorders
are complex disorders influenced by many factors. Although the exact cause of
eating disorders is unknown, it is widely believed that the combination of
biological, psychological and / or environmental abnormalities contributes to
the development of these diseases.
Examples of biological agents include:
(the link between eating disorders and genes is still intensively studied, but
we know that genetics is part of history).
of psychological factors include:
Examples of environmental factors that could contribute to the occurrence of eating disorders are:
and careers that promote thinness and weight loss, such as ballet and modeling
oriented sports, which emphasizes maintaining a slim figure for increased
performance. Examples include:
and children’s injuries: sexual abuse of children, severe trauma
and / or peer pressure among friends and colleagues
transitions or life chan ges
Treatment of eating disorders
Due to the
seriousness and complexity of these diseases, a comprehensive and professional
therapeutic team specializing in eating disorders is often of fundamental
importance for healing and recovery.
Treatment plans are used to solve many of the problems that a man or woman can face, restoring their health and well-being, and often tailored to their individual needs.
of eating disorders usually consists of one or more of the following and
addressed to doctors, dieticians and therapists for full care:
care and monitoring – The greatest care in the treatment of eating disorders is
solving any health problems that may have been a consequence of eating
This would require weight recovery and stabilization, guidelines for normal
nutrition and the integration of an individual meal plan.
Different forms of psychotherapy, such as individual, family or group, can be
helpful in solving the underlying causes of eating disorders. Therapy is the
basic element of treatment because it gives the person recovering the ability
to address and cure traumatic life events and to learn healthier coping skills
and methods of expressing emotions, communicating and maintaining healthy
Some medications may be helpful in addressing symptoms of mood or anxiety that
may occur in eating disorders or in reducing overeating and purging behaviors.
levels of treatment are available, from outpatient support groups to hospital
treatment centers, based on the severity of eating disorders. In any case,
recognizing and dealing with eating disorders is crucial in initiating